ISO 9613-1:1993 − Acoustics − Noise Absorption by Air − Attenuation of sound during propagation outdoors − Calculation of the absorption of sound by the atmosphere. Attenuation due to atmospheric absorption is specified as a function of the frequency of the sound from 50 Hz to 10 kHz and that is really no ultrasound.   There are 4 parameters for calculating air damping: 1) Frequency f in Hz. 2) Temperature T in K (Kelvin). Can be fixed to a standard room temperature of 293.15 K = 20°C = 68°F. 3) Relative Humidity h in %. Can be fixed to a standard of 50 to 60% or whatever represents a standard RH for one's circumstances. 4) Atmospheric pressure p in kPa (kilopascal). Can be fixed to a standard of 101.325 kPa (standard pressure at sea level).   as = a · s [dB] total absorption at distance s   pt = pi · exp(−x · as) [Pa] x = 1 / (10 · log ((exp(1))2) = ca. 0.1151 Delta Lt = 20 · log (pi / pt) = as [dB] a = 8.686 · f2 · ((1.84 · 10−11 · (pa / pr)−1 · (T / To)1/2) + y) [dB/m] y = (T / To)−5/2· (0.01275 · exp (−2239.1 / T) · (frO + f2 / frO)−1 + z) z = 0.1068 · exp (−3352 / T) · (frN + f2 / frN)−1 frO = (pa / pr) · (24 + 4.04 · 104 · h · ((0.02 + h) / (0.391 + h))) frN = (pa / pr) · (T / To)−1/2 · (9 + 280 · h · exp (−4.170 · ((T / To)−1/3−1))) h = hr · ((psat / pr) / (pa / pr)) = hr · (psat / pa) psat = pr · 10(−6.8346 · (To1 / T)^1.261 + 4.6151)   a ........ pure-tone sound attenuation coefficient, in dB/m, for atmospheric absorption s ........ distance in m through which the sounds propagates pi ....... initial sound pressure amplitude in Pa pt ....... sound pressure amplitude in Pa pa ...... ambient atmospheric pressure in kPa pr ....... reference ambient atmospheric pressure: 101.325 kPa psat ... saturation vapor pressure equals: ................ International Meteorological Tables WMO-No.188 TP94 ................ World Meteorological Organization - Geneva Switzerland T ........ ambient atmospheric temperature in K (Kelvin). ........... K = 273.15 + Temperature in °C (Celsius) To ...... reference temperature in K: 293.15 K (20°C) To1..... triple-point isotherm temp: 273.16 K = 273.15 + 0.01 K (0.01°C) h ........ molar concentration of water vapor, as a percentage hr........ relative humidity as a percentage f ......... frequency frO ..... oxygen relaxation frequency frN ..... nitrogen relaxation frequency x ........ a help factor to shorten formula − improvement by E. Desart y ........ a help factor to shorten formula z ........ a help factor to shorten formula

 In audio, electronics and acoustics use only the word "damping" and not the wrong word "dampening".   "damping" means: 1. a decreasing of the amplitude of an electrical or mechanical wave. 2. an energy-absorbing mechanism or resistance circuit causing this decrease. 3. a reduction in the amplitude of an oscillation or vibration as a result of energy being dissipated as heat.   "dampening" means: 1. To make damp. 2. To deaden, restrain, or depress. 3. To soundproof.   Notice: Damping is energy dissipation and dampening is making something wet.

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