Deutsche Version |

This is not about coaxial cables, antennas and satellite frequencies. Here we have a look at a normal audio, mic or microphone cable. |

Cable and treble damping treble cut filter (low pass) Simplified principle C = C_{spec} · d |

A frequently asked question is at which cutoff frequency f_{c} the microphone cable
has a (−) 3 dB loss of treble? Which treble frequencies are attenuated? Which
length d a cable can have to reach this damping? How are high frequencies
damped by the length ofthe cable?Cables are characterized by the capacity of the cable between the conductors, the resistance, inductance of the cable along the conductor, and the current crowding, which boost the resistance at high frequencies. The microphone cable usually has a capacitance from wire to wire of about C_{spec} = 100 pF per meter.The line resistance, and the inductance is usually negligible in practice. Each wire has an unavoidable cable capacitance, that leads to the damping of high frequencies, called cable loss. Because the input resistance (load) is large against the small output impedance (source), the input impedance (load) can be neglected. |

**Calculating the treble cutoff frequency ***f*_{c} of a cable

f_{c} = Cutoff frequency at (−)3 dB treble loss in Hz |

Z_{out} = Output impedance of microphone, source impedance |

C_{spec} = Specific capacitance of the cable in pF per m cable length |

d = Cable length of the cable in m C = C_{spec} × d |

1 pF (Picofarad) = 10^{−12} F (Farad) |

Formula for the cutoff frequency f_{c} of the (−)3 dB treble damping: |

without having treble loss?

**Cable length or line length**

**Calculation of the length of a cable at 3 dB treble attenuation**

d = Cable length in m |

f_{c} = Cutoff frequency at (−)3 dB treble loss in Hz |

Z_{out} = Output impedance of microphone, source impedance |

C_{spec} = Capacitance in pF per m cable length C = C_{spec} × d |

1 pF (Picofarad) = 10^{−12} F (Farad) |

Formula for the length of the cable d and a given cutoff frequency f_{c}: |

If you want to know how long the cable can be and permit a level damping of only 1 dB, you need to enter the double value of the cutoff frequency. |

Cable characteristic impedance is a cable characteristics which is only valid for radio frequency signals. Multimeters use DC current for resistance measurements, so you cannot measure the cable impedance using your multimeter or other simple measurement equipment. |

**Capacitance C, frequency f, and capacitive reactance XC**

**Converting feet to meters and vice versa**

**for U.S.A only.** It's better to go metric - like the whole world.

To use the calculator, simply enter a value. The calculator works in both directions of the ↔ sign. |

**Cable, wire, and wiring - Conversion of diameter to cross-sectional area**

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